In an independent administration, Texas courts have very little oversight in the probate process. The independent executor generally sells, liquidates, and disposes of property with very little oversight from the Probate Court.
In contrast, in a dependent administration, the court exercises heavy oversight. Court permission is sought for most major activities including the sale, liquidation, or disposition of property. Dependent administrations are generally significantly more costly than independent administrations. Estates with significant liabilities or contests can benefit from a dependent administration, whereas most estates with smaller liabilities and less contested issues are better off with an independent administration.